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Their 1st Month

What to expect during your baby's first month of life and what you can do to support them

1 Month Old: Welcome

The Six Stages of Alertness

1. Deep Sleep

Lies quite without moving

Deep breathing

Eyes firmly closed

2. Active (light) sleep

Moves while sleeping

Startles at noise

May have small twitches or facial movements

3. Drowsy State

Eyes may open and close, but remain glazed

Breathing is regular, but quicker then when in sleep

4. Awake, Alert State

Body and face are relatively quiet

Respond to sight and sounds

State where they are most ready to play

5. Alert But Fussy State

Transitional state to crying 

May be soothes by attractive stimuli

Movements may be jerky and baby appears fussy

6. Crying

Actively crying

May scream 

Usually trying to communicate a need such as hunger, boredom or discomfot

Developmental Milestones

Size & Movement

Your baby will be gaining about 5-7 oz a week

 -This could vary depending on your child, consult with your pediatrician if you do not think they are gaining a healthy amount of weight 

They will begin lifting their head for a short time when doing tummy time 

They may bring their fingers to their mouth to suck on

They might keep their hands in fists most of the time

Jerky or unstable movements are still expected 

Newborn Baby

Developmental Milestones

The Five Senses

Hearing is fully developed! They will turn head towards sounds around them and they will love hearing your voice


They can see about 8-12 inches from their face, they will track movements and your face

Their sence of smell is developing, you might notice they prefer sweet smells 

-Try eating a variety of nutritious foods if you are breastfeeding because your baby will be able to taste different things!

You might notice your baby cooing by the end of this first month 

Sleepy Baby

What can you do to support your baby?

  • Baby will love to look at your face! Also, try using mobiles or other moving objects to encourage eye-tracking (avoid screens). Baby will enjoy black and white patterns! 

  • Baby will love listening to your voice! Try narrating what you are doing or singing to them. 

  • Skin-to-skin contact is promoted! Spend lots of time cuddling with baby - you can not spoil them. 

Doctor with Infant

Warning Signs To Watch For

The following signs might indicate a developmental delay...

  • Has a poor suck or feeds slowly

  • Does not blink when looking at a bright light

  • Does not respond or seem to hear loud sounds

  • Does not focus on and track a nearby object moving side to side

  • Legs or arms seem excessively loose or floppy

  • Does not move arms and legs often; seems very stiff

  • Lower jaw tremble consitently, even when not crying or excited

It is important to remember every baby develops at their own rate. But if you are worried about something, do not be afraid to consult with your pediatrician! 

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